With rising adoption of Long-Term-Evolution (LTE) networks for mobile communications in the mainstream, many wonder: can LTE can replace traditional Land Mobile Radio (LMR) as the primary voice communications technology for first responders? Sierra Wireless recently hosted an expert panel webinar in conjunction with Mission Critical, Can LTE Replace LMR for Critical Communications? — Demystifying the Convergence of Mobile Communications Networks, to address this question. The webinar highlighted the current state of LMR and LTE technologies—benefits and limitations, provided real-life examples of successful hybrid strategies and explored the future of critical communications for first responders.
- Jesus Mario Gonzalez, Senior Analyst, IHS Markit
- Andrew Seybold, Senior Partner, Andrew Seybold Inc.
- Ken Rehbehn, Principal Analyst, Critical Communications Insights
- Tony Morris, Vice President, North American Sales, Enterprise Solutions, Sierra Wireless
A Survey of Expectations
Sierra Wireless surveyed over 200 first responders including law enforcement, fire and EMS, to help better understand the landscape of critical mobile communications for first responders. Survey results were shared as part of the live webinar.
The survey concluded consistent results across the agencies represented. First responders identify current applications using LTE technology that require high-speed bandwidth, such as computer aided-dispatch and electronic patient care reporting for EMS. While they are unified in their concerns about LTE technology for coverage, reliability and security, first responders specifically in law enforcement and EMS, are looking to bridge the gap from current LMR network solutions to an LTE-powered push-to-talk (PPT) over cellular solution, over the next 5 years. Key drivers for this hybrid strategy will help provide front-line command and supervisors with access to LMR systems when they are out of network range, fill in LMR coverage gaps, and support life-saving undercover law enforcement operations with unobtrusive devices. A key takeaway from the survey is that LTE and LMR technologies need to co-exist for the foreseeable future; a conclusion that is reinforced by several of the guest presenters in the live webinar.
The LTE and LMR Markets
Driven by the need for increased bandwidth applications that support video streaming, internet access and advanced mapping, analyst firm IHS Markit expects public safety LTE revenues in North America to reach $1.8 billion by 2020. They also expect the installed base of public safety LTE devices in North America to reach 2 million units by 2021.
But this growth will not come at the expense of LMR. Public safety LMR revenues in North America are expected to grow from $2.5 billion in 2018 to $2.8 billion by 2020, with the installed base of public safety LMR radios expected to grow from 4.8 million in 2018 to 5 million in 2021. It’s significant to note that IHS Markit does not expect the installed base of public safety LMR radios to begin to decline until the mid-2030’s
Benefits and Limitations of LMR and LTE Technologies and How They Can Co-Exist
There are notable benefits and limitations for both LMR and LTE technologies. For example, while LMR radio systems have been around since the 1930’s, the technology continues to improve, with push-to-talk (PTT) that works whether devices are “on network” or “off network,” which is critical for those in life-saving scenarios, and a current limitation of LTE.
LMR implementations using digital technologies continue to replace analogue-based radio systems. Key benefits of LMR technology are that it is redundant by design, therefore there is “graceful degradation” to backup systems, and that powerful mobile and handheld radios enable voice communications, even when out of network range in steep underground areas of buildings.
LTE was not intended to replace LMR but to augment it, and while non-mission-critical push-to-talk (PTT) over cellular is a great tool for multi-response interoperability, the real goal for the future of network communications is to bridge LMR over cellular for push-to-talk.
LMR and LTE technologies have their own dedicated place for public safety. Their adoption rates will continue to grow, as they continue to work together in different critical applications. It was noted in the webinar by Andy Seibold, that it will not be technologists or vendors who ultimately decide if and when LMR is no longer needed, but rather front-line command chiefs who are responsible for the safety and well-being of first responders and the public who will decide the time to replace LMR for LTE for critical communications.
The Future of LTE
Looking to the future of LTE, the capabilities that make it increasingly appealing for public safety agencies include:
- A flexible, large-bandwidth architecture that supports video and other applications.
- A rigorous scheduler that supports prioritization of communications.
- Explicit access management, which can ensure first responders have priority access over the general public following a disaster or incident.
- Enhanced Quality of Service (QoS) when first responders are connected over LTE.
- Support for future mission-critical push-to-talk and push-to-video features, including expanded QoS classes, proximity services (ProSe), group communications, and support for the 3GPP R13 Voice and R14 Video standards.
Ken Rehbehn discussed whether we can find a solution for the mission-critical push-to-talk (PPT) out-of-network range challenge and new strategies for creating LMR to LTE interoperability. Beyond voice, the benefits of LTE for boosting incident commander situational awareness includes pulling together multiple streams of data from the cloud, improving day-to-day operations for law enforcement and fire departments by enhancing the flow of information, and even using drones to create a new “dispatchable” force in the field.
Listen to the full webinar on-demand to hear the discussion, plus a lively Q&A session that included questions related to:
- Integrating sensor data, such as on vehicles or in the environment for seismic monitoring.
- Using low-power (LPWA) technologies, such as NB-IoT.
- Challenges implementing LTE technologies in rural areas.
- Making the business case for funding both LMR and LTE technologies for public officials.
- Interoperability between agencies that rely on different carriers.
- The convergence of all these diverse technologies into a single framework.
There’s little doubt LTE technology will have a profound impact on public safety agencies, although it is unlikely to completely displace LMR anytime soon. What’s important to understand is the potential of LTE technology to complement LMR networks with new and less expensive capabilities that allow agencies to improve the safety and well-being of first responders and the public, at a much lower total cost.