How do I use WiPipe QoS ?

When WiPipe QoS (Quality of Service, also known as “Traffic Shaping”) is enabled, the router will control the flow of Internet traffic according to the user-defined rules. In other words, Traffic Shaping improves performance by allowing the user to prioritize applications.

Enable WiPipe QoS: Click on this box to open options for controlling Internet traffic. You can assign maximum Upload Speed and Download Speed values and define your own Traffic Shaping rules.

WAN Interface Speeds

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Upload Speed and Download Speed: Setting the Upload Speed and Download Speed is required to control traffic flow accurately. Adjust the sliding bar to restrict the maximum upload and/or download speed for the Internet source(s) you are using. For example, you might restrict the upload speed to prioritize available bandwidth for download or to reduce overall bandwidth use in order to lower costs. It is recommended that you experiment with different values for your particular Internet connection for best results.

NOTE: Upload speed is the speed at which data can be transferred to your ISP. Download speed is the speed at which data can be transferred to you from your ISP. You can test your connection speeds with a service such as speedtest.net.

Queues

Queues and rules work in conjunction to prioritize bandwidth for the most critical operations. Multiple rules can be associated with one queue. Use rules to associate your more critical operations with queues that have higher bandwidth settings. For example, you might have two queues, one for “critical” and one for “secondary” with critical having most of the bandwidth percentage. Use rules to associate your most important bandwidth needs (POS system, VoIP, etc.) with the critical queue. Restrict the bandwidth available for less important functions with the secondary queue.

Assign percentages of both upload and download bandwidth to each queue. If you assign 80% download bandwidth to the first queue, the next queue will be forced to be 20% or less.

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Click Add to create a new Traffic Shaping/QoS queue.

Queue Name: Choose a name that is meaningful to you.

Upload Bandwidth

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Enable Upload QoS: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect if you want your rule to apply to download traffic only. Leave this selected to include upload restrictions with this queue.

Borrow Spare Bandwidth: (Default: Enabled.) When this is enabled, the interfaces/protocols associated with this rule will borrow unused bandwidth from other rules. Disabling borrowing will restrict the traffic to the specified bandwidth. Higher priority queues will be offered excess bandwidth first.

Upload Bandwidth: This is the percentage of the connected WAN upload bandwidth that will be reserved for the specified traffic. The maximum value is adjusted to the remaining percentage after other rules receive their share.

Upload Priority: The priority value has two different effects on traffic. Higher priority traffic is handled before lower priority traffic, which can lead to shorter response times. Also, when spare bandwidth is available it is offered to higher priority queues first. Move the slider to select from the following options (Default: Normal):

  • Lowest
  • Lower
  • Below Normal
  • Normal
  • Above Normal
  • High
  • Higher
  • Highest

Click Next to continue to the next page.

Download Bandwidth

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Enable Download QoS: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect if you want your rule to apply to upload traffic only. Leave this selected to include download restrictions with this queue.

Borrow Spare Bandwidth: (Default: Enabled.) When this is enabled, the interfaces/protocols associated with this rule will borrow unused bandwidth from other rules. Disabling borrowing will restrict the traffic to the specified bandwidth. Higher priority queues will be offered excess bandwidth first.

Download Bandwidth: This is the percentage of the connected WAN upload bandwidth that will be reserved for the specified traffic. The maximum value is adjusted to the remaining percentage after other queues receive their share.

Download Priority: The priority value has two different effects on traffic. Higher priority traffic is handled before lower priority traffic, which can lead to shorter response times. Also, when spare bandwidth is available it is offered to higher priority queues first. Move the slider to select from the following options (Default: Normal):

  • Lowest
  • Lower
  • Below Normal
  • Normal
  • Above Normal
  • High
  • Higher
  • Highest

DSCP (DiffServ) Tag: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) is the successor to TOS (Type of Service). Use this field to ‘tag’ the traffic by putting the value in the DSCP header of each IP packet that flows through this queue. Use the value of ‘0’ to clear the existing DSCP value in the packet header.

DSCP Tagging is sometimes used so that other networking equipment, upstream or post-NAT, can do traffic shaping based on the DSCP Tags as opposed to IP addresses or ports.

This setting is optional. For more information see the Differentiated services Wikipedia page.

Click Finish to save this queue.

Rules

A traffic shaping rule identifies a specific message flow and assigns that flow to one of the queues created above.

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Click Add to create a new Traffic Shaping rule.

Traffic Shaping / QoS Rule Editor

The first page of the Traffic Shaping / QoS Rule Editor allows you enable/disable the rule, name the rule, specify a protocol for the rule, and select a queue to associate the rule with.

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Rule Enabled: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect this to disable this rule. This can be useful for quickly changing configurations. If both upload QoS and download QoS are disabled then the rule will disable automatically.

Rule Name: Create a name for the rule that is meaningful to you.

Protocol: The protocol used by the messages: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP, or ICMP. Select “Any” if your rule does not control a specific type of message that uses a specific protocol.

Queue Name: Select a queue to associate this rule with.

Click Next to continue to the next page.

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Use ports and/or IP addresses to define the type(s) of traffic attached to this rule. Leaving any field blank will match all values; all fields are optional.

Source Port(s) and/or Destination Port(s): Enter a port number between 1 and 65535. To enter a single port number, input the number into the left box. To enter a range of ports, fill in both boxes separated by the colon. For example “80:90” would represent all ports between 80 and 90 including 80 and 90 themselves.

Source IP AddressSource NetmaskDestination IP Address, and Destination Netmask: Specify an IP address or range of IP addresses by combining an IP address with a netmask for either “source” or “destination” (or both). Source vs. destination is defined by traffic flow. Leave these blank to include all IP addresses (such as if your rule is defined by a particular port instead).

EXAMPLE: If you want to associate this rule with your guest LAN, you could input the IP address and netmask for the guest LAN here (leaving the last slot “0” to allow for any user attached to the guest network):

  • Source IP Address: 192.168.10.0
  • Source Netmask: 255.255.255.0

DSCP (DiffServ): Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) is the successor to TOS (Type of Service). Use this field to select traffic based on the DSCP header in each IP packet. This field is sometimes set by latency sensitive equipment such as VoIP phones.

This setting is optional. For more information see the Differentiated services Wikipedia page.

DSCP Negate: When checked this rule will match on any packet that does not match the DSCP field.

Click Finish to save this rule.


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